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Scales in the Key of A-Flat

Pianote  /  Key of A-Flat  /  UPDATED Mar 9, 2023

Click on the scale name for a diagram and explanation of each scale type:

A-Flat Major Scale | A-Flat Natural Minor Scale | A-Flat Harmonic Minor Scale | A-Flat Melodic Minor Scale | A-Flat Major Pentatonic Scale | A-Flat Minor Pentatonic Scale | A-Flat Major Blues Scale | A-Flat Minor Blues Scale


A-FLAT MAJOR SCALE

The A-flat major scale contains seven notes and starts and ends on A♭. Major scales are arranged in a specific pattern of whole and half steps: W-W-H-W-W-W-H.

Keyboard diagram of A-flat major scale with keys highlighted in red and labelled.

A-FLAT NATURAL MINOR SCALE

The A-flat natural minor scale follows the key signature of its relative major: C-flat major. In natural minor scales, there are no additional accidentals.

The relative major key of A-flat minor is C-flat major. Therefore, A-flat minor has seven flats (B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, F♭).

Keyboard diagram of A flat natural minor scale with keys highlighted in red and labelled.

TIP: To find the relative major key, count up three half-steps from the minor key’s root note.


A-FLAT HARMONIC MINOR SCALE

Harmonic minor scales follow the key signature of the relative major key and raise the seventh note of the scale by one half-step.

The relative major key of A-flat minor is C-flat major and the seventh note of A-flat minor is G♭. Therefore, A-flat harmonic minor has seven flats (B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, F♭) but G♭ is raised to G.

Keyboard diagram of A-flat harmonic minor scale with keys highlighted in red and labeled.

A-FLAT MELODIC MINOR SCALE

In melodic minor scales, we raise the sixth and seventh notes up one half-step when ascending and lower them back down when descending. Melodic minor scales follow the key signature of the scale’s relative major.

The relative major key of A-flat minor is C-flat major. Therefore, A-flat minor has seven flats (B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, F♭) and F♭ and G♭ are the sixth and seventh notes. So, we raise F♭ and G♭ to F and G when ascending the melodic minor scale, and we lower them back to F♭ and G♭ when descending.

Ascending

Keyboard diagram of an ascending A-flat melodic minor scale with keys highlighted in red and labeled.

Descending

Keyboard diagram of descending A-flat melodic minor scale with keys highlighted in red and labeled.

A-FLAT MAJOR PENTATONIC SCALE

The A-flat major pentatonic is a five-note scale built on the following major scale degrees: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6.

Keyboard diagram of descending A-flat major pentatonic scale with keys highlighted in red and labeled.

A-FLAT MINOR PENTATONIC SCALE

The A-flat minor pentatonic scale is a five-note scale built on the following minor scale degrees: 1, 3, 4, 5, 7.

You can also think of the A-flat minor pentatonic as being built on the following major scale degrees: 1, ♭3, 4, 5, ♭7.

Keyboard diagram of descending A-flat minor pentatonic scale with keys highlighted in red and labeled.

A-FLAT MAJOR BLUES SCALE

The A-flat major blues scale is built on the following major scale degrees: 1, 2, ♭3, 3, 5, 6.

Keyboard diagram of an A-flat major blues scale with keys highlighted in red and labeled.

A-FLAT MINOR BLUES SCALE

The A-flat minor blues scale is built on the following minor scale degrees: 1, 3, 4, ♭5, 5, 7.

You can also think of the A-flat minor blues scale as being built on the following major scale degrees: 1, ♭3, 4, ♭5, 5, ♭7.

Keyboard diagram of an A-flat minor blues scale with keys highlighted in red and labelled.

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